Malignant renal tumors in children

Main Article Content

Justin Scott Lee
Thomas Ray Sanchez
Sandra Wootton-Gorges

Keywords

Malignant rhabdoid tumor, Nephroblastomatosis, Renal medullary carcinoma, Tumors in children, Wilms tumor

Abstract

Renal malignancies are common in children. While the majority of malignant renal masses are secondary to Wilms tumor, it can be challenging to distinguish from more aggressive renal masses. For suspicious renal lesions, it is crucial to ensure prompt diagnosis in order to select the appropriate surgical procedure and treatment. This review article will discuss the common differential diagnosis that can be encountered when evaluating a suspicious renal mass in the pediatric population. This includes clear cell sarcoma of the kidney, malignant rhabdoid tumor, renal medullary carcinoma and lymphoma. 

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