Unilateral Blepharoptosis from Renal Cell Carcinoma

Main Article Content

Federico Greco
Lorenzo Sabatino
Francesco Sabatino
Manuele Casale
Carlo Cosimo Quattrocchi
Bruno Beomonte Zobel

Keywords

blepharoptosis, kidney cancer, orbital MRI, ptosis, renal cell carcinoma

Abstract

Blepharoptosis is the drooping or inferior displacement of the upper eyelid. Blepharoptosis can be either congenital or acquired. Tumour metastasis is one of the acquired causes of blepharop-tosis. The lungs, locoregional lymph nodes, bone and liver are the usual sites of metastases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC); however, unusual locations of RCC have also been reported. Herein, we describe a case of a 47-year-old man with unilateral ptosis and blurred vision due to meta-static RCC. We describe the different causes of blepharopstosis, the path that led to the diagno-sis, and how RCC can metastasize to unusual anatomical regions such as the orbit. Symptoms such as exophthalmos, lid edema, diplopia, ptosis, cranial nerve paralysis or blurred vision may mime a benign disease; however, they could also be the symptoms of a systemic malignancy.

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